One of the reasons that people love pearls and jade pothos is because of the unique colorations that they have. Variegated plants have been kicking since 2020, and they are still so trendy up until now. Pearls and jade pothos plants have just the right colors with the right variegation on their leaves. The best part is that they are easy to grow indoors, and they thrive in low light which is perfect. Nothing will go wrong with pearls and jade pothos even if you are a beginner. To make sure that your plants grow healthily, here are some basic tips on how to care for pearls and jade pothos plants.
1. Pearls and Jade Pothos Care
Fertilizer is important for pearls and jade pothos, especially during the growing season since it aids the plant’s growth. Since this pothos is not a heavy feeder, you won’t have to worry about weekly fertilization at all. You can provide a balanced houseplant fertilizer once a month so that the plant receives the nutrients that it needs. And if you are using a potting mix to plant it, you don’t even need to add fertilizer for its growth habit. A tiny bit of fertilizer each month is like a treat to enhance the healthy growth of your pothos. Pick an all-purpose fertilizer or well-balanced fertilizer, and feed it in accordance with the instruction on the package. The growing season for pearls and jade is between spring and summer, and that’s the time for fertilization.
This hardy pothos plant can tolerate dry air, but it thrives in high humidity since it is a tropical plant. The perfect humidity and moisture level for the plant are between 50% and 70% which is a common level at home. You can create a pleasant environment for it by opening the windows and let the air in. If the plant is not happy with the current atmosphere, you can tell by the leaf colorations. If the tips of the leaves start to turn brown, that means the air is too dry. However, you also don’t want to add too much moisture to your plants. A fungal disease called Rhizoctonia blight is caused by close spacing, frequent misting, insufficient airflow, and wet leaves or stems. So it is better to relocate the plant to a place with better humidity than misting.
Pearls and jade pothos is an evergreen vine climber that prefers low light conditions so direct sunlight is not necessary. The perfect place for this indoor green greenery should be in bright indirect light with partial shade. A place near the window or on the table where sunlight can touch is a good location for it. It also likes fluorescent lighting, so you won’t have to find direct sunlight for it at all. You should also know that daily direct sunlight can cause sunburn which affects the appearance of the plant. In case the current position of the plant is by the window, you should consider moving it now. Let’s say it is the only spot that you have, then you can add a curtain sheer. This helps to block direct sunlight so that you won’t have to reposition the plant.
Pearls and jade pothos is a slow grower, so repotting is not a matter of concern. However, you want to choose the right pot for this type of indoor plant to grow. Do not pick a pot that is way larger than the plant just because you think it is for the long run. When a pot is too large, you will also need a lot of soil which means you will water it a lot. You know where this goes, a large pot retains excess water, and too much water or overwatering leads to root rot. Choose a pot with drainage holes that is not more than a size larger. It takes about a year or two for repotting, so you don’t have to rush.
You can expand your collection of this pretty vine by propagation, and a simple method to do so is stem cuttings. Use clean and sharp shears to cut a stem between 4 to 6 inches long. The stem should have 4 or 5 leaves, but remove the bottom leaves near the nodes. Then place that stem in either soil or water, and add extra nutrients if you prefer putting it in the water. Wait about a month before transplanting the stem from the water to the potting soil. Slowly wean the young plant off of excess water to prevent system shock when you transplant it. I highly recommend water propagation because it does not risk your new plant with root rot.
Potting mix is the perfect option to choose for your pearls and jade pothos for the best growth. This type of soil is a soilless medium that makes it safe for the plant because it does not contain diseases or fungus. At the same time, it also helps this pothos to retain nutrients and water since it stays indoors. A potting mixture provides a free flow of air, nutrients, and water that keeps the root system healthy. Another good option besides potting mix is peat moss in a cacti mix, and it also provides great benefits. It helps with absorbency along with the ability to release moisture for proper ventilation for the roots. You should avoid typical garden soil for them because it is too dense for the pothos.
Epipremnum aureum cannot tolerate frost, and you should avoid leaving them in the cold at all costs. The minimum and the perfect temperature for it is between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. This range helps pearls and jade pothos to grow healthily throughout the year even if it stays indoors. When winter comes, the temperature will drop so you should look for a warmer place for the plant. Make sure that your room temperature does not go below 50 degrees Fahrenheit so that your pothos plant can survive. The coldness could freeze the plant’s cells which results in damage and interruption for nutrients and water. This is also the reason why you should get and nourish pearls and jade pothos when winter ends. The plant will be strong enough to endure changes and stress without becoming too weak.
Pearls and jade pothos are not needy when it comes to water, so daily watering is not advisable. You will only need to let drink every 1 to 2 weeks, and overwatering can lead to root rot. When watering, you should allow the soil to dry at least 1 to 2 inches down between waterings. This is to prevent the soil from becoming too damp or soggy which is bad for the plant. The soil shouldn’t be too dry or too wet because either way can stress your plant. Too much water leads to root rot while too little water can draw moisture from the soil. This can result in leaves yellowing along with brown crispy spots, a sign that it needs water. On dry and hot days, you can provide your vine greenery with some occasional misting to hydrate it.
2. Pothos N Joy vs Pearls and Jade Pothos
Many beginners always come to the decision between pothos n joy and pearls and jade pothos. These two Epipremnum or pothos plants are equally nice when it comes to appearance and maintenance. You can get both if you like, but here are the comparisons of both if you can only choose one. Let’s take a look and see which one is the most suitable pothos plant for you to grow.
3. Common Diseases & Pests Of Pearls and Jade Pothos
When you decide to grow a plant, you also should know about its common diseases and pests. The knowledge of such common problems helps you to be able to determine the causes and solutions fast. As for pearls and jade pothos, there are some diseases and pests that are likely to attack them.
3.1.1. Bacterial Leaf Spot
The name says it all, the infection causes brown spots to appear on the leaves of the plant. Another thing to notice is that there is a yellow halo around each brown spot. When this happens, the leaf center will fall out before it dies in the end. You should never let this happen, and you must remove and discard the infected parts immediately. Without early treatment, it can spread and kill the entire plant in no time.
3.1.2. Pythium Root Rot
This is the most common disease that Epipremnum aureum faces, and you can tell by the black spots on the leaves. Excessive drooping is another sign that shows that your pearls and jade is having root rot. You have to remove the plant out of the pot and cut off the rotten portion of the roots. Treat the remaining healthy roots using a fungicide, and replant them in fresh and sterilized soil.
3.1.3. Rhizoctonia Stem Rot
When your pothos plant has this disease, its stem that is close to the soil starts to die and decay. You will see the appearance of the white powdery coating when you check the soil, and that is fungi. The first thing to do is to remove the infected stems and discard them immediately. As for the fungi coating, you will have to apply fungicide to the remaining stems to treat the infection. This type of infection can be from the soil which means you should also repot the plant to clean soil. Doing so helps to prevent the same disease from happening again.
Aphids are green insects that love to suck on the sap at the terminal ends of the plant. You often find them where the leaves and shoots grow, sometimes underneath the leaves. The first sign of aphid infestation is when the younger shoots of pearls and jade pothos start to develop curly leaves. One of the ways to get rid of them is by using a mix of horticultural oils and insecticidal soap. Spray it directly on the aphids, and don’t forget to check for other infestations on nearby plants if there are any.
These bugs always appear when it comes to the pests of indoor plants, but they are easy to eliminate. A colony of mealybugs looks like white powder o the leaves and stems of the pothos plants. When you see a colony of them, it also means the infestation has been around for a while. Mealybugs suck the sap which damages the plant’s tissues and leads to death without immediate treatment. Let’s say you are fast to spot them, then you can pick the insects one by one. Another way is to dip a cotton ball in alcohol and dap those pests out. Some people spray water on the colony to allow the strong pressure to wash them off.
The problem with scales is that you will not be able to notice them right away until the infestation spreads. This is because these insects are tiny so spotting ones can be challenging. Scales suck the sap of the plant by piercing the tissues which leave lesions on the portions where they feed. The longer the infestation, the more brown and yellow the leaves become. To fix this, you will need to manually remove the insects from the plants. I know that not everyone likes to do this, so another way is by using horticultural oils to kill them. Then use the oil to wipe them off the infected portions of the plants, and there are no side effects. You can also introduce a lady beetle if there is any because it feeds on scales but not the plant.
3.2.4. Spider Mites
This is one of the most common pest enemies that attack pearls and jade pothos. Just like spiders, they are able to create webs at the plant’s leaves which is the base of their colony. You know there are spider mites when the sight of webbing starts to appear around the leaves. Spider mites suck the contents of leaves, turning them bronze, brown, or yellow before the plant dies. You will have to pick them off once you see them, and you may need to check for them regularly. In case they continue to multiply, then you will need to use diluted insecticidal soap, horticultural oils, or water spray.
Although not common, there is a possibility that thrips can attack and damage your pothos plant. Not different from the rest of the pests above, thrips also suck the plant sap from its tissues. The damage from them results in grayish or white coloration on the leaves or plants. Getting rid of them is difficult, and all you can do is removing the portions where they have settled in. Some people try spraying diluted insecticidal soap to kill them. Even if they are the least common compared to the others, you should be aware of them also.
Note: Just like other pothos species, pearls and jade also contain calcium oxalate which is a toxic substance. This substance is harmful and toxic to both humans and pets upon consumption, so you should keep it from curious mouths.
Pretty indoor plants like pearls and jade pothos and other pothos plants are so great to have. Being an amazing complement to the room is one thing, helping to purify the air is another great thing. It is not just about the trend, having a plant or two is a nice hobby that you should take up. You have something to care for, and watching it flourish is so pleasant. And if you choose pearls and jade pothos, the tips to care for them are all above for you.