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How To Grow Avocado In Containers

You have seen avocado trees, but have you seen avocado in containers? Exactly, and this is what we are going to discuss today; how to grow avocado tree in containers. It is very strange to make an outdoor plant that can grow up to 80 feet to be an indoor plant. Anything is possible these days, and you will learn how to grow an avocado plant in pot today. The thing that you have to know is that it is unlikely to produce fruit, but it will look great. If you are still interested, here is how you grow avocado tree planter.

Avocado Varieties For Growing In Containers

Growing avocado in container is not difficult when you choose the right types for the purpose. Without the right type, things won’t go as how you want them to be. It is better to buy an avocado tree instead of starting it from a fruit pit. Mainly because avocado fruit pits and seeds can take up to 20 years to bear fruit, and you don’t want that. Some of the most common varieties are:

  • Bacon: light brown skin and easy to taste
  • Choquette: smooth glossy skin with watery flesh
  • Cleopatra: small dwarf avocado
  • Fuerte: pear-shaped and available for 8 months of the year
  • Gwen: skin turns from green to brown to black to purple to red
  • Hass: similar to Gwen in appearance and taste
  • Pinkerton: rough skin that is easy to peel with a small seed inside the creamy flesh
  • Reed: lighter and more subtle flavor with the size of a softball
  • Zutano: lighter with yellow-green skin with a mild taste that is unlike many others

When To Grow Avocado Trees

The best time to plant the avocado trees is from March through June. It is true that avocado trees love the sun, but the young ones cannot handle that yet. Planting avocado trees in summer can pose risks of sun damage because young avocado trees cannot absorb water very well. The amount of sunlight in spring is just perfect for young avocados to grow and thrive. Place the pot in a location they can receive full sun, and take good care of it because it is quite sensitive.

How To Prepare The Containers For Growing Avocado & Grow Avocado In Pot

Before planting, you have to know how to prepare the containers for growing the avocado first. The best type of pot that is ideal for long-term use is terracotta, and pick the right size. Go for the ones that are at least 10 inches across and twice as deep as the roots. Make sure that the pots have drainage holes in the bottom to ensure proper drainage.

Once you choose the right container, it is time to focus on the soil for your avocado. You want your avocado in pot to have soil that is loose and fast-draining composition. To achieve that, use a potting mix with compost blended with sand. This part is very important because avocado trees have a relatively shallow root system. You don’t want their roots to soak in water for more than two days because the roots will rot. Rotting roots mean the plant will die, and this is why loose and sandy as well as fertile soils are important.

How To Grow Avocado With A Grafted Seedling

When you choose a seed, go for a healthy seedling that has glossy and dark green leaves. Make sure that the seedling does not have any signs of insect infestation like discoloration and webbing or wounds. Plant your avocado seedling in the soil at the same depth as it was growing in the original container. Cover the roots with the potting mix then deeply water them until the water flows through the drainage holes.

How To Grow Avocado In Containers

In case you want to start growing the avocado from seeds in containers, you can also do that. Just a few simple steps, and your avocado is ready to flourish so check them out.

Step 1: Cleaning

From the beginning, scoop out the seed carefully when you cut open a ripe avocado. Then rinse it off with warm water for around a minute to get rid of bacteria and mold. Remember not to remove the brown seed cover.

Step 2: Position

When you mount the seed in water, you have to know which end is down and which end is up. The part that has a slightly pointer end is the top while the flat end is the bottom. Select a big glass container where you can rest your seed until it grows its roots. To make it sprout from the pit, you will need to place the bottom of the seed in the water.

Step 3: Piercing

Once you are able to identify the bottom and top parts of the seeds, it is time to pierce them with toothpicks. Punch the sides of the seed firmly with 3 toothpicks at an angle that will hold and support the seed. Make sure to space them evenly around the avocado, this is to ensure that it does not sink into the water.

Step 4: Placement

Choose a container or glass that is clear so that you can easily see when the roots begin to grow. At the same time, it also makes it easy for you to know when to change the water as well. The water container that you put the avocado seed in should be in a quiet and still spot with enough sunlight. So the perfect spot for that has to be on a windowsill where sunlight is adequate. Along with that, check the water level every day and make sure that the bottom of the seed is submerged.

Even if it looks clean, change the water twice or thrice a week. This is to ensure that the water is clean and free of bacteria, fungus, and molds that can harm the seed.

Step 5: The Wait

This is the time that you have to be patient, and let the seedling grow at its speed. Do not disturb it and leave it in the container until it grows. It could be a long wait since it takes up to several weeks for the roots and a stem shoot to emerge. The only time that you should go to the seedling is when you need to change the water. Probably takes around 6 weeks or longer, wait until the stem is between six and seven inches long. Once it is at that length, cut it back to 3 inches to encourage new and strong growth. Then wait for it to sprout leaves before you can start the final step.

Step 6: Transplanting

When your seedling is ready, move that sprouted pit to an unglazed terracotta pot that you had prepared. After you put the seedling into the pot, leave the top half of the seed exposed. Place it back on the sunny windowsill where your seedling sprout was a success. Remember that avocados love the sun, so the more sun they get means the better they grow. Avocados can tolerate some shade, but indoor avocados in planters should be in the brightest spot at home. Then you can move on to the maintenance segment where we discuss how to care for your avocado trees.

Avocado Tree In Container Maintenance

Consider it a success when you can grow an avocado tree in container, but that is just the beginning. This part is also very important because it reflects the growth and health of your indoor avocado tree planter project. Some of the main factors to focus on for the proper care of your avocado plant in pot are below.

Fertilizer

Major nutrients that avocado trees need are Nitrogen – Phosphorus – Potassium (N-P-K) and Zinc (Zn). As for young avocado trees, the composition to fertilize is ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per tree each year.

The moment you plant the avocado, fertilize and water it immediately. The purpose of fertilizing them is to promote their growth so that they grow big and healthy. Once it grows well, you can slow things down and apply the fertilizer yearly instead. The best time to fertilize them is in early spring which is BEFORE the flowers or fruits appear.

Do not fertilize your avocado trees when the flowers appear because it can cause damage to the tree. Doing so can also prevent the tree from bearing fruits as well. At the same time, don’t fertilize them when the fruits appear. It definitely increases the fruit size, but it does not help with tree growth.

Light

During the first few years, too much sunlight is not good for avocado trees. Simply put, too much sunlight can burn the bark and stems of the trees. At the same time, it also affects the fruit yield and growth of the trees as well. If the sunlight is too much, it can even kill your avocado trees which is not something that you want. How much is too much? When the sunlight is over 10 hours, it is too much. So between 6 to 10 hours of direct sunlight is good for them.

Pot

The container or pot that you choose has to have drainage holes. For the container, it should be a half-barrel type. You can also go for clay or deep wood containers as long as it is 18-inch deep and 24-inch wide. The best avocado pot types should be plastic, terracotta, or wooden.

In case you buy an avocado tree, then make sure that the pot is twice the size of the pot it comes in. If the tree does not come in a pot, buy a container or pot that is twice the size of the tree’s rootball.

Pruning & Trimming

When the stem of the avocado reaches 12 inches tall, pick off the top two sets of its leaves. Then pinch out the 2 newest sets of leaves on top when it grows another 6 inches. Doing so encourages the plant to grow more leaves, and it also makes the plant bushy as well. Along with that, you also want to prune your avocado trees annually before the spring growth spurt after that.

Soil

The best type of soil for avocado trees is the potting mix that is specifically formulated for containers. Along with that, they thrive well in loose and well-aerated soil. As for the soil types that encourage fruit growth are decomposed granite, limestone, and sandy loam. A suitable soil’s pH for avocado trees should be around 6 to 6.5. Remember not to put gravel or things like planting media in the hole.

Watering

Watering is the most important thing to do when you grow avocados in pots. The key is to do it correctly because too much water can cause root rot and too little causes drought. As indoor plants, it is advisable to water your avocado trees once a week. Don’t water it too much, stop once you thoroughly water the soil. If the trees are young, water them every week. Once they are 2 to 3 years old, then you should water them every day but reduce the amount of water.

You can also check the conditions of the soil before you water it. Don’t water the tree if the soil looks dark, only water it when the soil is dry and light brown in color. More than that, you also have to water your avocado trees at the correct time as well. The best time to water them is in the morning or late evening to ensure proper evaporation.

Conclusion

Growing avocado in containers is so nice, and it is a fun habit to try in your free time as well. Avocado in pot is ideal for both decoration and experiment purposes. In they don’t give fruit, at least they look good to have indoors. And if they give fruits, you get to eat avocados that you grow by yourself which is great. This is definitely something that you need to try, and feel free to ask if you have any questions.

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