Enthusiastic plant collectors always recommend philodendron because there are so many types to choose from. Philodendron varieties range from small to big with a number of colors and shades that you will like. The best part about all types of philodendrons is that they are easy to care for and grow. Plus, with the fact that they are cool and nice to have indoors, no doubt why they are so popular. We are going to see 50 gorgeous philodendron types today, so check them out below.
#1. Burle Marx Philodendron
The special thing about this philodendron type is that it looks amazing both indoor and outdoor. It has glossy green leaves with the shape of a paddle that shines beautifully when the light touches. More than that, Burle Marx philodendron also has deep lobes and delicate pale veining, which is absolutely unique. You can grow it either in a pot or landscape, this plant looks great no matter where you keep it.
#2. Heart Leaf Philodendron
Heart leaf philodendron is among the easiest indoor plants that you can grow at home. Just like the name suggests, the plant has heart-shaped leaves that started as bronze then change to glossy green quickly. The leaves of the heart leaf philodendron range from a few inches to 8 inches wide. You can also have them as hanging plants because they look so beautiful if you allow them to climb. A heart leaf philodendron is easy to care for, making it super popular among indoor gardens and plant collections.
#3. Philodendron Billietiae (Variegated)
The genetic configuration of this plant makes it one of the rare philodendron varieties to have. This specimen has two types, a normal Billietiae, and a variegated type. The first type has green leaves and orange stems, while the latter has orange stems with yellow speckled leaves. Philodendron billietiae has a very natural variegation, only one in 100,000, making it expensive. A regular one is only around $60, but the cost of the variegation version can be as high as $1,000. For a single leaf. The care for this specimen could be a little tricky, so you have to provide extra attention to it.
#4. Philodendron Bipennifolium
Fiddleleaf philodendron is one of the most popular philodendron plants with a beauty that people love. It has long leaves that can grow up to 15 and 18 inches in length. The awesome part is the fiddle or horse shape of the leaves that make it look different from others. When growing this plant, you should tie it with a stake to prevent it from flopping. Its dark coloration makes it super cool to have in most rooms, and among other indoor plants, you’ll love it.
#5. Philodendron Bipinnatifidum
Variegation lovers totally adore this philodendron type due to the vivid patterns that this plant has. It is a vining plant with heart-shaped leaves of deep green coloration and stunning silver variegation. At the same time, the newly emerging leaves at the bottom part have a yellow-orange hue. These leaves will morph into dark green silver shades when it matures. To bring its variegation to the fullest, you should position it in areas with bright indirect light.
#6. Philodendron Birkin
Compact and gorgeous, this upright philodendron plant is a cross between philodendron Congo and philodendron imperial green. The combination of two beautiful philodendron types makes this variety one of a kind. It has bright yellow and white foliage along with striped variegation that stands out among deep green leaves. Every leaf has a unique variegation pattern, so none of them look the same, which is absolutely incredible. All you need to provide is proper light for the plants to have the best variegation, simple as that.
#7. Philodendron Black Cardinal
Its name is a little misleading here because the leaves actually have a deep burgundy shade instead of black. However, its name is still quite accurate because certain light conditions can make the leaves look very dark. Philodendron black cardinal has deep red stems and fresh unfurling leaves of pinkish hue. The combination of different dark colorations makes this plant super pretty and dope to have in the room. Plus, with the height of only around 3 feet, the philodendron black cardinal is simply flawless.
#8. Philodendron “Bob Cee”
Compared to others, philodendron Bob Cee is not a well-known breed among plant collectors at all. Since it is rare, getting one can also be a little challenging as well. This specimen has gorgeous large saw-tooth leaves with a beautiful lush green coloration. Philodendron Bob Cee is a climber, so it needs support from a stake from an upright growth. In case you love collecting rare indoor plant species, this is definitely an option to take into consideration.
#9. Philodendron Brasil
Many people love trailing indoor plants, and philodendron brasil is the perfect example of that. It is one of the most sumptuous indoor plants with heart-shaped leaves in contrasting green and yellow shades. If you want the best variegation out of it, make sure to position it in medium to bright indirect light. Philodendron brasil is so easy to grow and care for, and it complements your space with grace. Simply put, this lavish plant is perfect for any room that you place it in.
#10. Philodendron Brandtianum
Looking so similar to the heart leaf philodendron, this specimen is quite more exciting due to its color. Philodendron brandtianum has olive green leaves with wide silver stripes between the veins of each leaf. These stripes are quite elegant to look at, making them a perfect complement to most modern rooms out there. Make sure to put this one into the list of considerations when you want to have an elegant plant indoors.
#11. Philodendron “Congo Rojo”
I can’t get enough of the look of this philodendron plant right here for its color and shape are stunning. The leaves of this plant have a very dark shade of brown, purple, and green under tones. At a glance, it appears as if the plant is almost black, which is very attractive to look at. Besides the colors, the shape of the plant itself is also very fascinating. The leaves are elliptical and long with leathery and shiny texture, and they grow upright and arch a little. With an appearance like this, philodendron Congo Rojo is perfect for modern room designs and other rooms out there.
#12. Philodendron Cordatum
With the reputation of being one of the longest philodendron vines in the world, this specimen is quite fascinating. It has attractive heart-shaped leaves with a pointed tip and a jade green color, and there are so many leaves per plant. The vine of philodendron cordatum is up to 1,984 feet which is absolutely long. Don’t worry if you want to grow one because this case only occurs in its local conditions. You can grow it outdoor in case you want the long vine, but it won’t be up to that level.
#13. Philodendron Crassinervium
Probably looks so different from the majority of philodendron types out there, this one is still attractive to look at. The leaves of this specimen are rather oval in shape, while most are heart-shaped. Despite the different shapes, the color of this plant is glossy green, just like the others. In its natural habit, philodendron crassinervium is large but it remains short and small indoors. It is also easy to grow and propagate, and it is one of the pretty philodendron plants to have.
#14. Philodendron Domesticum
While most philodendron plants have either bright green or dark green leaves, this one is quite different from those. Its leaves are blue-gray during its initial growth period then mature to gray-green after some time. Philodendron domesticum has glossy leaves that bring out the aesthetics of any offices and rooms. Along with the color, its shape is also unique since it is more of a spade than heart. More than that, maintenance is also convenient and easy, which is perfect for busy plant collectors out there.
#15. Philodendron Erubescens “Pink Princess”
Pink princess is among the popular types of philodendron in recent years due to its magnificent beauty. A pink princess has extraordinary blush-colored leaves with dark chocolate brown and pink colors. Even the stem of this plant is deep dark red, which is extremely unique to look at and have. Due to high demand, the pink princess has become one of the rare philodendron types where it is not native to. If you are lucky enough to have one, growing and maintenance are also easy which is a big bonus.
#16. Philodendron Esmeraldense
The philodendron esmeraldence has long leaves that resemble a very long heart which is quite unique to look at. The length of the leaves is around 20 inches, and the entire leaves are bright green in color. More than that, there is this leathery texture that makes the leaves look super cool and magnificent. If you want to have this one, you need to position its pot above the ground. That way, the leaves have the chance to grow and show off their beauty and color to the guests.
#17. Philodendron “Florida Ghost”
While the name is rather formidable, the plant itself is actually pretty attractive. The unique thing about this plant is that its leaves do not have one shape that you can recognize right away. Its leaves can be lanced or lobed shapes, taking different forms as the plant itself pleases. Philodendron Florida ghosts also have different coloration as well which is super unique. Some of the leaves are emerald green, while others have a thin pattern of different green shading on them. If you’re lucky, you may also get cream patterns or fully white leaves. It is unpredictable, making it among the best types of philodendron to have.
#18. Philodendron Gloriosum
The look of this philodendron plant is so satisfying, one large flawless leaf of dark emerald green color. Philodendron gloriosum has large and smooth fleshy leaves with the shape of a heart. On top of that, there are also white decorative lines that enhance the beauty of the leaves even more. While there are not a lot of leaves, the leaf of this plant can grow up to 2 feet in length. It makes a nice compliment in a large space at home or office, and it is perfect for indoor decoration.
#19. Philodendron Grazielae
Philodendron grazielae is a perfect indoor plant for those who don’t like plants with large or long leaves. This one rather has compact leaves, but the bright green and glossy heart-shaped is still there. You can either grow them in a pot or hanging baskets, and this plant looks amazing both ways. If you let it grow, this vining plant can be up to 3 feet long in length, which is really nice.
#20. Philodendron Green Congo
Native to tropical America, philodendron green Congo is a medium-sized plant for both indoor and outdoor. It is special because it is compact and pretty while being so easy to care for. Along with the low-maintenance, philodendron green Congo is also very gorgeous. It has elongated leaves with the classic heart-shaped leaves, just like other philodendron types out there. This specimen is an extremely durable plant, and all it needs is a sheltered spot to flourish and thrive.
#21. Philodendron Hastatum “Silver Sword”
Philodendron hastatum is one of the rare philodendron types, and it is native to the tropical Brazilian rainforests. With such an interesting name, the Philodendron silver sword definitely lives up to its incredible title. A silver sword is technically green in color, but it shines like silver which is absolutely stunning. The name Hastatum of the plant comes from the Latin word “sword-shaped”, which is exactly what its leaves are. It has narrow and sharp foliage with a silvery sheen, and it is so pretty to have as indoor houseplants.
#22. Philodendron Hope Selloum
This is a cheerful indoor plant with super lively leaves and vibrant colors that has been popular on Instagram lately. It is a medium philodendron type that thrives in bright indirect sunlight and moist soil. Also goes by the name of “tree philodendron”, it has dark green and shiny leaves with deep lobes and large sizes. This indoor plant looks great in most room designs, both modern and vintage, and it is super nice to have.
#23. Philodendron Imperial Green & Imperial Red
Both of these philodendron types are gorgeous, and they are special in their own ways. The imperial green specimen has smooth and glossy green leaves, and it is very popular. As for the imperial red variety, it has bright red leaves at first before maturing into burgundy red-purple. Then the leaves will transform into ultimate dark glossy green when the plant is completely mature. Despite the different colors, these two types of philodendron have large leaves that fan out in all directions. They are so splendid to have in any room or space, and these two are very easy to care for.
#24. Philodendron Joepii
The leaf shape of this philodendron is rather fascinating, with a wide lower-lobed body and a delicate upper portion. At a glance, it resembles a rabbit-like ear pointing upright, which is quite adorable. My favorite thing about this is the vibrant color of this Philodendron Joepii (pronounced Yoo-Pee-Eye). You can maintain this color by placing it in bright indirect light with well-draining soil. Easy and simple to care for, it is simply one of the best philodendron types.
#25. Philodendron Lacerum “Window Leaf”
Colorful leaves with fringed edges make window leaf one of a kind to have as an indoor plant. You can see that the leaves are huge, and they have lobed rubbery texture that hangs down from the petioles. My favorite part is the shiny green color and clear vines on the leaves of this plant. With the color and size, you can have it as a decorative plant on the floor. It can grow up to 6 feet tall, and you can trim it if you’d like.
#26. Philodendron Lanciniatum
When it comes to beautiful leaves, philodendron lanciniatum has a look that perfectly matches the term. Each and every leaf is deeply lobed with gorgeous patterns and shapes, making it uniquely attractive to have. On top of the shape, the leaves of this plant have a smooth texture with decorative veins. Plus, with the shiny bright green color, it is so lively to have in the room. So elegant and graceful, no doubt why it is among the best philodendron plants.
#27. Philodendron Lemon Lime
Neon green is super gorgeous for plants as it is very bright and lively to have in the room. Philodendron lemon limes are one of the most common types of philodendrons that you will come across. These plants have heart-shaped leaves, and they look great both in hanging baskets or on tabletop pots. They are also very easy to care for, and you will surely love these gorgeous philodendrons.
#28. Philodendron Majesty
This is probably my most favorite type of philodendron plant, mainly because I love its color. This majestic indoor plant has very dark leaves with a shiny elongated heart shape, and it looks so extraordinary. The color of the leaves is so dark it looks almost black, while the shine adds more beauty to it. When younger leaves emerge, the color is copper red and is still very dark. The two colors compliment each other with elegance, and this specimen is so flawless to look at.
#29. Philodendron Mamei
Goes by the nickname of Silver Cloud, a philodendron mamei is a rare specimen with undeniable beauty. It is a vining type of philodendron with green leaves and silver-like cloud patterns. The special thing about this plant is that it can grow very tall, reaching up to 2 meters or more. Along with the height, its leaves are also large to the size of 10 to 18 inches long. So if you like tall indoor plants with gorgeous colors, you definitely should consider this one.
#30. Philodendron Maximum
By the look, you can already tell that this philodendron type has extremely huge leaves. In fact, it is the philodendron with the largest leaf in the world with up to 5.4 feet long and 3 feet wide. The best part is that those massive leaves have incredible coloration that makes them look absolutely unique among the others. Not different from most philodendron varieties, this one also has heart-shaped leaves. Their colors range from light green to hunter green, depending on the amount of light the plant receives. And if you like large leaves, you know which plant that you should go for now.
#31. Philodendron Mayoi
Philodendron mayoi has deeply lobed leaves that are long and narrow which are not only unique but also extraordinary. The best part is that their lobes have a symmetrical distribution on each side of the leaf. So the entire plant looks neat without having the leaves all over each other. Another cool thing is the strong stems that this philodendron plant comes with. Overall, it looks great without being too leggy even after months of growing which is simply great to have.
#32. Philodendron Melanochrysum
How wonderful it is for a plant to have leaves of bright and dark green in one like this. Even more interesting, the leaves also have yellow veins that make them stand out among others. In the beginning, the leaves are oval in shape with a small size. As the plant grows, they become velvety with a length of around 2 feet long. You will have to provide it with some support as it is a climbing variety, but it is so easy to care for.
#33. Philodendron Micans
Here we have another heart-shaped trailing philodendron variety with an undeniable gorgeousness that you might find fascinating to have. The special thing about this plant is that it has velvety-textured leaves that show amazing colors and details. As for the color, it could be either deep green or rich purple, depending on the light that you give. The new leaves of this plant are bright chartreuse with pink edges which is absolutely stunning. Exciting foliage is extremely wonderful, and maybe this one is perfect for you.
#34. Philodendron Minima Variegata
Comes at the price of $8,000 per plant, philodendron minima variegata is one of the most philodendron plants in the world. The regular price is not like that, but this was how it was sold on the site Trade Me in New Zealand. This plant has simple pinnate leaves that grow from the ground with light green foliage. Along with that, it also has two variegation colors, including cream yellow, and light green. The unique coloration of the plant makes it quite expensive, but plant enthusiasts out there still want to get them.
#35. Philodendron Moonlight
The bright and almost neon-like color of this philodendron makes it one of the most gorgeous philodendron varieties to have. Moonlight in the name refers to the way its foliage looks upon unfurling; luminescent just like the moon. A philodendron moonlight grows wide, and its height remains medium instead of tall, although it can still climb. This philodendron type is perfect for indoor growth as it prefers lower sunlight levels of just a few hours a day. So if you are busy or have a less sunny spot, this can be the philodendron for you.
#36. Philodendron Patriciae
Long paddle-like leaves of this philodendron type make it one fascinating plant to have at home. One of the most attractive traits of this specimen is the combination of bright and dark colors that it has. The shading and lines create the effects that simply brighten up the entire room with style. Since it is a climbing species, you may need to find a high spot to put the pot on. That way, the long elongated leaves of this philodendron can show off its beauty.
#37. Philodendron Pedatum
With a distinguished appearance, you can never mistake a philodendron pedatum with other plants from the same family. It has deeply lobed leaves, and each of which has 5 lobes in total. As a young plant, it has oval-shaped leaves before it matures into the oak-leaf pattern. It can grow up to 3 feet tall, and it is ideal to have in pretty much any room. Philodendron pedatum is easy to care for, and this plant is a great complement to your space.
#38. Philodendron Plowmanii
When it comes to the rarest philodendron varieties in the world, this one stays at the top of the list. You don’t even need a filter to make it look nice on Instagram, it is naturally gorgeous just the way it is. The leaves are emerald green in color with bright creamy or white lines across. The contrast of these two colors makes the leaves stand out brightly with grace. Despite being rare, you can still get them for around $150 for a single small plant.
#39. Philodendron Prince Of Orange
Colorful leaves are nice, and the bright orange leaves of the young philodendron prince of orange are pretty nice. The color will change to a light green as the plant matures, but the entire plant still looks wonderful. The leafstalk and new leaf spears are deep red in color, and the combination of a few colors is so gorgeous. It is unique because it produces tight leaf clusters around its central stem. Since it is also easy to take care of, having one of these at home is also nice.
#40. Philodendron Rugosum
So peculiar yet exotic, philodendron rugosum is another heart-shaped leaf plant whose beauty is so eye-catching. The leaves of this plant are thick, and there are rough textures that you can easily see. This rough texture only brings out more boldness and details of the plants, making it extremely attractive. More than that, it also has this leathery appearance on top of its bright green color. And if you like a unique philodendron plant, you should definitely include this one in your collection.
#41. Philodendron Selloum
Looks like a mini tree, this large philodendron plant can grow up to 4 or 5 feet in height and width. The part that makes it unique is definitely the dark green leaves with frilled edges. Those leaves stand out very nicely, and they make a great complement in pretty much any room and settings. The trunk of the entire plant is very strong and supportive despite the height, making it one tough philodendron plant. It is also very easy to grow and care for as it only needs some attention and proper conditions.
#42. Philodendron Spiritus Sancti
Getting its name after the Brazilian state of Espirito Santo, it is the only place in the world with this plant growing. It has been said that there are only around six of them left in the wild, making it extremely rare. As one of the rarest philodendron types, this plant is under close supervision with CCTV and security guards! A philodendron spiritus sancti has green leaves of around 2 feet long on average. With proper care, it will also produce small white flowers which are so pretty. The price of this one ranges from $5,0000 to $10,000, making it among the most expensive indoor plants also.
#43. Philodendron Subhastatum
A philodendron subhastatum has broad, long, and showy leaves with clear veins. As you can see, this type of plant is glossy but only on the top. Underneath the leaves are actually orange, purple, or even red which is super unique to see. The best part is that the tall leaves allow the underside of the leaves to be visible to the eyes. If you look for a lovely philodendron plant to grow indoor, then this is among the top choices.
#44. Philodendron Thai Sunrise
As for this one, it is a hybrid philodendron that has become popular lately. This specimen has paddle-shaped leaves growing the central part of the plant’s trunk. If you like brightly colored leaves, you will definitely love its lime green leaves. Also, it does not take up too much space at all since it is actually a compact philodendron plant. You can have it by the window or on the table, and it looks amazing pretty much anywhere.
#45. Philodendron Tripartitum
One leaf that looks like three is the unique trait of this philodendron type, and it is quite pretty. The two short leaves are at the side while the longest one is in the center. As for the colors, they are light emerald green with clear veins on top. Philodendron tripatitum can grow up to 4 feet tall, and it looks great in pretty much any room.
#46. Philodendron White Knight
If you love the genuine aesthetics of plants, you will definitely adore this philodendron plant. It has white splotches on green leaves, and the white spots can be so big they take half of the leaf. Another interesting thing about this species is that it has a cream or purple stems, making it so unique to look at. Its size is not too big as it is slow-growing, but it can be bushy if you trim it every 6 months.
#47. Philodendron Xanadu
Not different from other philodendron types on the list, this one is also shiny and vibrant to have. The leaves of the plant have multiple lobes that perched on long sturdy stems, and it grows upright. Philodendron Xanadu is adaptive to various conditions, and it complements all wide-open spaces pretty much anywhere at home. Since it is one of the easiest growing indoor plants, having one of these is simply nice.
#48. Philodendron 69686
I bet this gets your attention, a plant with a number in its name. The number 69686 is the number this philodendron variety was ranked when it was identified, and it remains till today. Probably not as attractive as many other philodendron varieties on the list, it is still pretty nice. A philodendron 69686 has bunny ear-like and upright green leaves, and it can grow up to 2 feet tall. You need a tropical environment with humidity and moisture to grow this one, but maintenance is rather easy.
#49. Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma
Goes by another popular name as mini monstera deliciosa, this philodendron plant has fenestrated leaves of bright green color. Although it has a vining growth habit, the leaves of this small philodendron plant will stay small. So if you have a small space for a compact plant, then this can be the perfect candidate for that spot. As long as you have a bright indirect light place with consistent moisture, this plant will thrive.
#50. Scindapsus Pictus
Scindapsus pictus, aka silver philodendron or silver pothos, is one fascinating indoor plant to have in mind. It has dark green leaves with silver splotches, while the leaf shape is of a heart. While it is not a true philodendron plant, its appearance resembles those; hence its popularity among plant collectors out there. This plant can climb up to 6 feet indoors, and probably way more if you keep it outdoors.
Philodendron Caring Tips
Philodendron plants are very easy to care for, all you need to do is provide them with what they need. So once you know which philodendron varieties you are going to get, let’s move on to how to maintain them. Just a few important factors like other indoor plants, and you are good to go. Let’s take a look and see what you should do to care for your philodendron plants below.
The unique thing about philodendrons is that you can feed them more often than many indoor plants out there. During spring and summer, use a balanced liquid fertilizer on them monthly. This is to boost healthy growth for the plant since these two seasons are their growing time. When fall and winter months come, provide fertilizer to the plant every six to eight weeks instead. If you notice that the leaves appear to be smaller than normal, that means you don’t feed your philodendron plants enough. However, avoid overfeeding them because excessive fertilizer can attract pests.
All philodendrons grow best in partial light, the bright indirect sunlight just like most indoor plants need. The key is to make sure that they get sufficient light at least a few hours a day. Too much light can scorch the leaves, turning their leaves yellow which is unattractive. When there is too little light, the plant will have leggy growth, which is also not quite attractive. Proper and sufficient sunlight results in vivid green and beautiful variegation, and you want to give them that.
Choose a container or pot that is slightly larger than your philodendron’s root ball so that it can grow properly. At the same time, make sure that the drainage holes are large so that the excess water can escape. When you notice roots start to poke from the drainage holes, then you know it is time to repot your philodendron. The best time for philodendron repotting is either early summer or late spring.
When repotting, get a pot that is one size larger than the current one. Fill the pot with fresh soil at the bottom then gently remove the plant from its pot. Place it in the new pot and fill the soil around the sides of the philodendron plant. Then water the plant and soil thoroughly, and wait for the soil surface to dry before watering it again.
As I have mentioned above, philodendron plants can get leggy when there is too little sunlight. This is when pruning comes into the picture, and the process is easy and simple. All you need is a pair of clean and sterile pruning shears or scissors to cut the vines. Prune them at any length that you like to keep them, and the best trimming time is during spring or summer.
You can also prune them at any time of the year if there are old yellow leaves. In this case, cut just above a leaf node, then you can also use them for propagation. Everything Plants makes things so easy to understand. Feel free to check out his video below.
As for the soil, choose loose potting soil that is rich in organic matter for your philodendron plants. This type of soil provides proper drainage so there won’t be problems like damp soil that can lead to root rot. You can also notice if the soil is right for them by keeping track of their colors and growth. If everything looks nice, then that means your philodendron enjoys the soil you offer it. Another thing to remember is to change their soil every few years. This is to ensure that they only grow in the best soil quality possible.
Things are a little tricky with temperatures because different philodendron species have different levels of tolerance when it comes to temperature. However, the universal temperatures for them are above 55 degrees Fahrenheit for whatever below that is too cold for them. The ideal and suitable temperatures for philodendrons should be between 65 degrees Fahrenheit to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Plus, with the moist soil, your plants will grow and thrive.
Another important thing to have in mind is that philodendron plants enjoy humidity, so you want to provide that also. During hot summer days when the air is dry, mist your philodendrons every few days with clean water. In case your areas are often dry and humid, then create a convenient atmosphere for them. Use pebbles on the tray filled with water, and placing the philodendron container on it will also do. Just make sure that the bottom part of the container is in order to prevent root rot.
Indoor plants are not too thirsty, so watering is not a difficult task that you should worry about. Simply water them when the surface of the soil starts to dry out which you can check using a probe. Most philodendron plants require watering once a week or once every two weeks.
Overwatering can lead to soggy soil, causing root rot that can damage the roots and entire plant. Underwatering makes the soil dry, making the leaves droop or turn yellow. You may need to water them more often during hot summer days if the soil dries out fast. When the winter months come, water them less frequently because the soil remains moist longer between each watering session.
Common Problems With Philodendron Plants
While being all hardy and tough, philodendrons still come across some common problems that can freak out some plant collectors. To prepare you for that, there are certain issues that you may notice in your philodendron plants. Just only a few of them, and there are solutions for you too, so let’s take a look.
Cold water is the main cause of brown leaves on philodendron plants, and you need to change that immediately. More than that, overwatering is the cause if your philodendrons have brown and mushy leaves. So reduce watering sessions, and make sure to always use water with room temperature for them. And if you spot curly edges around the brown leaves, that means there is too much sun. This problem often occurs during hot days, so water them more and reposition the pot to a shadier spot.
Yellow leaves are inevitable issues among plants, the problem is which one is the real cause of that. With philodendrons, there are quite a few reasons that can make the plant leaves turn yellow, which are:
- Cold Water: is one of the causes that lead to yellowing leaves of the philodendron plants. This is also a rookie mistake that new plant collectors make when they start having an indoor plant. Indoor plants do not like cold or hot water, make sure to water them with room temperature water. Also, make sure that there are no chemical substances like chlorine if you use tap water to water your plants.
- Too Less / Too Much Sunlight: can also be the cause of this problem. Not enough sunlight does not only result in leggy plants but also yellowing leaves in some species. Meanwhile, too much sunlight can burn the leaves and turn them yellow even faster. One of the first things to notice is to check the position of your pot and see if the light is proper.
- Watering: Things are also so tricky with watering when it comes to indoor plants. If you overwater it, you will notice the younger leaves at the bottom turning yellow. In case you underwater it, then you will spot yellowing in the bigger and older leaves instead. Change your watering schedule accordingly to see if the green will come back.
Yellowing & Rotting Smell
Another yellowing problem is when its color starts to change very fast along with bed rotting smell coming out. Once you notice the smell, the first thing that you should check is the root of the plant. It is almost never wrong that your philodendron plant is having root rot, the smell is the sign. Noticing it quickly allows you to save the plant on time before it is too late.
If this is the case, you will need to remove the plant from the pot and cut away the black mushy roots. Then clean the remaining healthy roots with water, and make sure to clean the pot as well. Put in fresh soil, then place the plant back into the pot, and water it as per usual. Make sure to not overwater again, or the same root rotting problems will come back.
Another problem is small yellow lesions or patterns on the leaves of the philodendron plants. This is not so common but it tends to occur in certain conditions of the atmosphere that the plant grows in. These patterns or splotches are the sign of the mosaic virus, but it is treatable if you spot it soon enough.
The first thing that you need to do is bring the plant outside when the temperature or weather is warm. Place them somewhere with indirect natural light, at least 2 feet away from other plants, to prevent spreading. Then remove the leaves that you think are badly affected so that new leaves can grow. Use water to clean the rest of the leaves by removing dust on the leaf surfaces. After that, apply a diluted nitrogen-rich fertilizer to the soil for additional strength to the plant.
Philodendron Pest Problems
Besides the common diseases and problems, bugs and pests are also the things that you should watch out for. Normally, philodendrons will attract bugs when their living conditions are not favorable for their healthy growth. The most common bugs that often attack philodendron plants are aphids, mealybugs, scales, spider mites.
So tiny yet so dangerous, these pests attack the plants from underneath the leaves, so spotting them is often quite late. Aphids feed on the sap of your philodendron plants, and an infestation of these bugs is bad for the plants. You can remove them by spraying water on them to knock them off or using neem oil. I highly recommend neem oil because it does not only remove but also to prevents them from coming back.
These bugs are the most common pests that attack so many indoor houseplants. Mealybugs suck on the sap of your philodendron plant, taking all of its nutrients which cause it to become weak. The attack from them leads to leaf drop, stunted growth, and yellow leaves. There are actually several ways to get rid of them if you spot these pests early. Harli G has 8 easy solutions that you can choose from, maybe a few of them are perfect for you.
One of the worst pests to deal with are scales, armored scales to be specific. The hard cover on their bodies can somehow save them from chemical pesticides, and they are horrible to deal with. Apart from leaving a sticky liquid that is hard to get rid of, scales also feed on various parts of the plants. Their infestations can lead to brown spots on the leaves, yellow leaves, or wilting. The Spruce provides great details regarding how to get rid of scales, so feel free to take a look.
Look like young spiders, spider mites are tiny pests that leave silky web-like lines all over the plant. These bugs cause discoloration or yellow leaves, and they spread to nearby plants very fast. Spotting them too late can lead to worse infestations, making it difficult or even impossible for you to rescue the plant. The good thing is there are a few easy ways to get rid of them.
No matter how picky you can be, philodendron plants have the varieties to match everyone’s preferences of indoor plants. Simply put, there is something for everyone which makes things so easy and fast to decide. With up to 50 beautiful and stunning types of philodendron varieties with names above, choosing some is a piece of cake. Not to mention the easy maintenance of those philodendron types, you will not regret growing them.