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Type Of Golf Course Grass & How It Works

Not all golf course grass types are the same, and this is why you want to learn about them. Each type has different characteristics and durability that will work in various weather conditions outdoors. You will come across 6 main types of grass course grass, and they work differently on various levels. Feel free to check out the golf course grass types below and see which one is the most suitable.

Bentgrass

Usually has tin blades, this cool-season grass is easy to mow closely so maintenance is also quite easy. This is why you are likely to find it on golf courses in coastal or cool summer locations. Bentgrass is even, flat, and short which makes it an ideal option for courses and putting greens. The interesting thing about bentgrass is that it has little grain. It is great because it makes a firm and smooth surface in spring and fall, offering firm and fast-running.

Bentgrass is also popular for its thick and mat-like appearance that can be mowed to a lower height. The fine texture and ability to stand up to constant and low mowing very well provide a better game experience. Even more special, bentgrass offers the best performance in the evening and at night when it experiences the least stress. My most favorite part is that it bounces back really well when walked or trampled on.

One of the most important things to know is that it does not deal with extremely hot temperatures well. So it needs a lot of water when the weather starts to get hotter and hotter. During the peak of summer, you may notice that the fairways and greens are relatively soft. But when it gets parched, this golf course grass can start showing signs of strain by turning slightly brown. What’s so unique is that bentgrass is actually at its best when it is slightly stressed. With that being said, you won’t have to worry that it will perform badly at all.

Bermuda

As one of the most popular golf course grass types, Bermuda is very durable, drought-tolerant, and heat-resistant. It is a warm-season turf that can tolerate high humidity which is ideal for a number of areas and weather conditions. The popularity of this golf grass type is due to its survival against outdoor harsh conditions. What you want to know is that Bermuda golf course grass can get grainy but it is also very firm. When it gets longer, it provides a cushion feeling that most beginners enjoy playing on. On a side note, the longer it grows also means the more grains it displays. That is when it affects many things including the roll out on the fairway to pace and break of putts.

If we talk about maintenance, Bermuda is also among the best golf course grass types. It allows low mowing, and it repairs very quickly which is a total plus. More than that, its fast recovery rate also makes it great for putting greens as well. Since Bermuda is so heat-resistant which is why it is so common in areas where temperatures regularly climb above 90 degrees. However, it will die back when colder weather approaches which is something to watch out for.

Fescue

Here we have a golf course grass type that is ideal on fairways, greens, and tees for all kinds of reasons. As a playing surface, fescue offers bouncy and firm conditions that feel amazing for golfing. More than that, fescue is also very easy to maintain due to its slow-growing habit. So that simply means it requires less frequent mowing than many other golf course grass types out there. On top of that, it also needs less water which is a total plus.

Fescue is suitable for a wide arrange of areas on a golf course, especially in a long overgrown area. While being amazing as short grass, this type tends to populates the unmown native areas where things can get unpleasant. Could be unpleasant, or could be just one of the challenges that golfers have to go through. You have narrow fairways with challenges or hazards, and fescue grass has to be one of the challenges. It minimizes the chance of hitting a golf shot into thicker, and it just makes the game more exciting.

Poa Annua

Perfect for busy golf courses, Poa Annua stands up to those and handles the situations very well. This golf course grass can tolerate damp and low-light environments very well, making it ideal for various golf courses. Its best example is definitely a putting green grass at Pebble Beach Golf Links. Some tend to consider this type as an invasive species, but it has shallow roots. That means you will need to hand-water it to make sure that the grass receives enough water. Poa is also very popular among golfers and golf course superintendents out there. It is true that it is not so common but it is still used on golf courses quite often.

Poa Annua has breathtaking colors on a wide scale that you can choose from for your golf courses. Many golf courses use this special feature to help their golf courses look better and more appealing. At the same time, its low-growing nature won’t require frequent mowing at all. While looking amazing and stuff, the issue is that the color is going to be different sometimes. In the end, it is still a grass type that creates a great surface area for putting.

Rye

Meanwhile, rye is more common in autumn overseeding due to its attractive visual aspect. The special thing about this golf grass type is that it perks up the appearance and playability. Along with that, rye also allows for lovely striping and other aesthetically mowing patterns. Simply put, it enables attractiveness that you can easily create by just mowing alone. Thanks to its great quality, rye is very common in almost any cool-summer region.

In contrast to most golf course grass types that do not need plenty of water, rye is different. It requires a fair amount of water so you might want to expect soft conditions if you play after overseeding. As you probably already know about water and grass, it can get a little sticky sometimes as well. Another thing that you want to know is that rye does not do well in the heat. Rye has a fine texture, but it is a clumping rather than running grass. This is one of the reasons why rye is not common on courses’ greens. Mainly, because it must be heavily planted for a tight and hole-free turf.

Zoysia

And last but not least, we have zoysia, the perfect golf course grass with incredible posture. It is adored for the fact that it stands up straight while yielding sweet lies in the fairways. Because of this incredible feature, the ball is teed up so nicely which makes golfing even more enjoyable. Quality is one great thing, but maintenance is another important factor that makes it stands out among the rest. Zoysia is a warm-season grass that is also cold-tolerant, making it great for transition zones. At the same time, it also requires less watering which makes means it stays firmer as well. Just the reasons why zoysia is ideal for a wide range of climates, with the exception of cold or desert western locations.

Compared to Bermuda, zoysia has less grain so it could be something that some people prefer. However, there is one drawback that you will have to have in mind. The low maintenance habit makes this golf course grass susceptible to disease, but there are methods to prevent that. What seems to be an issue is that the preventive approaches can be expensive so you may want to think twice. One last drawback, the posture of the blade that stands so rigid and tight can be sticky. In case you want things to be a bit more challenging, then this may be among the best golf course grass types.

Why Turf Grass Instead Of Lawn Grass?

Have you ever wondered why specific golf course grass types are used instead of the regular grass for lawns? There are a few important reasons why, and it is a common question that many people ask. So let’s see why below:

  • Turf grass is more resilient because golf course grass has to be cut short very regularly. Lawn grass cannot endure that, and that is why it cannot give golfers the best golfing experience as turf grass.
  • Lawn grass is not tough enough to handle heavy foot traffic on the golf courses at all. Turf grass is more durable and tougher, and it can withstand that without breaking down. This is why all types of golf course grass are very rugged and strong.
  • Grass on golf courses should be able to withstand the cold or heat prevalent in the region. If your region is hot, your turf grass has to be drought-tolerant and heat-resistant. Regardless of the temperatures, the grass has to stand still and tall at all times. This is also another reason why there are different golf course grass types that are suitable for various regions.

Final Thoughts

Golf is fun and all, but the right type of golf course grass plays an important part in it. Different golf courses need different types of grass to suit various weather conditions. It is crucial for golfers to be aware of the grass types so that they know what they are dealing with. Now that you know about all the main golf course grass types, things will be more convenient.

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